Nitrous oxide, Novocain, and intravenous drugs are among the most widely-used substances in sedation dentistry Paradise Valley experts practice. These kinds of drugs are formulated to inhibit any erratic sensations, similar to a tranquilizer. There are three ways of getting at least one of these drugs into the body: oral, inhalation, and intravenous means. However, the last two procedures are more common in dentistry.

Sensations such as pain are a result of brain activity initiated by neurotransmitters, which are responsible for communication between the cells. Although sedatives vary, most varieties target a certain neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid, which slows down the activity of the brain cells. With the brain becoming less active as a result of the GABA neurotransmitter, the person feels more relaxed immediately after being sedated.

Inhaling the sedative

One of the most popular sedatives taken by inhalation is nitrous oxide, more popularly known as “laughing gas.” It is called as such because side effects may include involuntary giggling. Nitrous oxide is as odorless and colorless as normal air so there is no risk of irritating the olfactory organs. The dentist puts a gas mask on the patient while letting him inhale the gas for a short while, all the while controlling the inflow of the gas.

The idea of laughing gas being an effective painkiller stems from the fact that the euphoric effect of the gas distracts the patient from the pain. The formula used by sedation dentistry Phoenix AZ practices like the office of Dr. Reem Kidess and her team consists of a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide. As pure nitrous oxide may suffocate the patient, at least 30 to 70 percent oxygen is mixed into the solution.

To the bloodstream

Another preferred method of sedation dentistry is called intravenous or IV sedation. As the term implies, this is more direct compared with other means of dispensing sedatives since the drug is injected into the bloodstream. A variety of sedatives can be used for IV sedation such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates.

Moreover, this kind of sedation dentistry Phoenix has to offer uses a device called a catheter. A catheter is like a small funnel which serves as passage for any kind of drug directly into the bloodstream. Since administration is direct, the effects of the drug are quite significant. Side effects may include partial amnesia, in which some patients do not remember the events of the procedure, although it normally wears off after a few hours.